District Baran was carved out of erstwhile Kota
District on 10 th April 1991. The district got the
name from the town Baran which is also the district
hqts. District comes under parliamentry constituency
Jhalawar-Baran and divided in four assembly
constutuencies namely Anta, Kishanganj, Baran-Atru &
Chhabra. The total area of the District is 6992
Sq.Km. out of which only 82.18 Sq.Km. is urban. The
total forest area in the district is 2.17 Lacs Hect.
The total population of the distirct is around
10,21,653 (as per 2001 population). Main dialect is
Hadoti. The district Hqts. Baran city falls in the
â€˜Câ€˜ Class category. The District has a
tremendous scope for the rapid industrialisation,
especially among agro-based industries. There are
eight tehsils in the district namely Baran, Anta,
Atru, Mangrol, Chhabra, Chhipabarod, Kishanganj &
Shahabad. Best climate to visit the district is
between September to November. The district is well
connected with rail & road network. The Computerised
reservation facility is available at Railway station
in Baran city. ATM facilties and all Mobile Networks
are available in the district.
District Profile : Baran city was under Solanki
Rajputs in the 14 th -15 th century. It is not
exactly known that when the main town of the twelve
villages under Solanki's was being named as 'Baran'.
There are several thoughts for it, like some says
since it was formed by twelve villages so it is
called 'Baran', others says since the city was built
by the 12 nearby villagers so it is named as
There are also
saying that since the soils of the area is mostly 'Barani'
so it is called 'Baran'. In the year 1948, joint Rajasthan
was formed and that time Baran was one of the districts in
the joint Rajasthan. On 31st March' 1949, Rajasthan was
reconstituted and that time Baran district headquarters was
converted into Sub Division headquater of Kota district. It
is also worth noting that 'Baran' in urdu means rain and no
wonder that Baran has the second highest rainfall in the
state after Banswara district.
Mini Secretariat (Collectorate), District
Geography : The district extends from 24-25' to 25-25'
North latitudes, 76-12' to 77-26' east longitudes and 265
mts. altitude. Located on the south-east corner of Rajasthan
and being adjacent to Shoepur, Shivpuri and Guna Districts
of Madhya Pradesh(M.P.), it forms the boundary of Rajasthan
State. It is bounded on North-West by Kota and on South-West
by Jhalawar District of Rajasthan State. The maximum length
of the district from North to South is 103 Kms. and maximum
width from west to east is 104 Kms. The land slopes gently
northward from the high table land of Malwa in Madhya
Pradesh. It is well watered, drained by rivers flowing in
North and North-Eastern directions. There are hills in the
South, North and Eastern portion of the district and it is
generally fertile. There are hills in the east in Shahabad
tehsil, having the highest point, named as Mamooni, which is
546 meters above mean sea level, in the district. These
hills form part of Aravali Ranges. Their slopes are gently
and steep and they are mostly covered by woods. The land of
the district slopes gently from South to North and the
drainage is through Chambal and its tributaries.
Owing to the absence of metamorphic rocks, no metallic ore
of importance except Bauxite occurs in the district. However
a variety of non-metallic minerals are exposed, the
important of them being sandstone and limestone. Besides,
small deposits of red clay, glass-sand, dolomite and kankar
are also found. The main mineral of the district is building
Forest, Flora &
Fauna : The forest covers an area of 2.17 lacs hectare
of the district. These are mainly concentrated in the
south-western and central portion of the Mukundra hills
having rich forest belt. The main forest found of the
district are Sagavan, Kher, Salan, Gargsari. Local wild
animals are Panther, Sloth, Bear, Chital, Wild Bear,
Chinkara, Samber, Langoor, Jackal etc. Birds found in the
district are Bulbul, Sparrow, Peacock, Saras, Teetar etc.
Among the poisonous snakes, Cobra, Passel and Viper are
common. Water snakes are also seen near the tanks.
Crocodiles are sometimes seen in the big tanks and in
certain pools in Chambal & Kalisindh rivers.
The irrigation facilities available in the district are
mainly in the form of Canals, Tubewells and Wells. The
rivers namely Parvati, Kalisindh and Parwan provides an
important source of canal irrigation.
Major Rivers :
KaliSindh Bridge - Longest Bridge in Rajasthan
Kalisindh This is the important river of 'Hadoti'
region. This river makes about 40 Km.
Parvan This is the auxiliary river of the Kalisindh
river which enters in the Baran district from the Southern
part of the Harnavdashahaji kasba. From there, it maintains
the South-Western border of the Chhipabarod, Atru, Baran and
Mangrol tehsils and merged into the Kalisindh river.
Parvarti This is the main river of Baran district
which is the auxiliary river of Chambal river. This enters
in Baran from the Kariyahat kasba of Chhabra Tehsil from
Madhya Pradesh. This partitioned the Kishanganj Tehsil from
Chhabra, Atru, Baran and Mangrol Tehsils.
Andheri This river enters in Baran from nearby
Chhipabarod. About 15 Km. bordering to Madhya Pradesh and
Rajasthan, it merges in the Parvati river near Atru.
Ban-Ganga This is the rainy river which passes
through Bamla and Sehrod in the southern part of Baran. It
merges into the Parvati river after passing through the east
of Baran city and west of Bohat & Mangrol Kasba.
Place of Visit :