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  About Baran District

District Baran was carved out of erstwhile Kota District on 10 th April 1991. The district got the name from the town Baran which is also the district hqts. District comes under parliamentry constituency Jhalawar-Baran and divided in four assembly constutuencies namely Anta, Kishanganj, Baran-Atru & Chhabra. The total area of the District is 6992 Sq.Km. out of which only 82.18 Sq.Km. is urban. The total forest area in the district is 2.17 Lacs Hect. The total population of the distirct is around 10,21,653 (as per 2001 population). Main dialect is Hadoti. The district Hqts. Baran city falls in the ‘C‘ Class category. The District has a tremendous scope for the rapid industrialisation, especially among agro-based industries. There are eight tehsils in the district namely Baran, Anta, Atru, Mangrol, Chhabra, Chhipabarod, Kishanganj & Shahabad. Best climate to visit the district is between September to November. The district is well connected with rail & road network. The Computerised reservation facility is available at Railway station in Baran city. ATM facilties and all Mobile Networks are available in the district.


District Profile : Baran city was under Solanki Rajputs in the 14 th -15 th century. It is not exactly known that when the main town of the twelve villages under Solanki's was being named as 'Baran'. There are several thoughts for it, like some says since it was formed by twelve villages so it is called 'Baran', others says since the city was built by the 12 nearby villagers so it is named as 'Baran'.

There are also saying that since the soils of the area is mostly 'Barani' so it is called 'Baran'. In the year 1948, joint Rajasthan was formed and that time Baran was one of the districts in the joint Rajasthan. On 31st March' 1949, Rajasthan was reconstituted and that time Baran district headquarters was converted into Sub Division headquater of Kota district. It is also worth noting that 'Baran' in urdu means rain and no wonder that Baran has the second highest rainfall in the state after Banswara district.


                             Mini Secretariat (Collectorate), District Baran                                                                 Civil Hospital, Baran


Location & Geography : The district extends from 24-25' to 25-25' North latitudes, 76-12' to 77-26' east longitudes and 265 mts. altitude. Located on the south-east corner of Rajasthan and being adjacent to Shoepur, Shivpuri and Guna Districts of Madhya Pradesh(M.P.), it forms the boundary of Rajasthan State. It is bounded on North-West by Kota and on South-West by Jhalawar District of Rajasthan State. The maximum length of the district from North to South is 103 Kms. and maximum width from west to east is 104 Kms. The land slopes gently northward from the high table land of Malwa in Madhya Pradesh. It is well watered, drained by rivers flowing in North and North-Eastern directions. There are hills in the South, North and Eastern portion of the district and it is generally fertile. There are hills in the east in Shahabad tehsil, having the highest point, named as Mamooni, which is 546 meters above mean sea level, in the district. These hills form part of Aravali Ranges. Their slopes are gently and steep and they are mostly covered by woods. The land of the district slopes gently from South to North and the drainage is through Chambal and its tributaries.


Minerals :  Owing to the absence of metamorphic rocks, no metallic ore of importance except Bauxite occurs in the district. However a variety of non-metallic minerals are exposed, the important of them being sandstone and limestone. Besides, small deposits of red clay, glass-sand, dolomite and kankar are also found. The main mineral of the district is building stone.


Forest, Flora & Fauna :  The forest covers an area of 2.17 lacs hectare of the district. These are mainly concentrated in the south-western and central portion of the Mukundra hills having rich forest belt. The main forest found of the district are Sagavan, Kher, Salan, Gargsari. Local wild animals are Panther, Sloth, Bear, Chital, Wild Bear, Chinkara, Samber, Langoor, Jackal etc. Birds found in the district are Bulbul, Sparrow, Peacock, Saras, Teetar etc. Among the poisonous snakes, Cobra, Passel and Viper are common. Water snakes are also seen near the tanks. Crocodiles are sometimes seen in the big tanks and in certain pools in Chambal & Kalisindh rivers.


Irrigation : The irrigation facilities available in the district are mainly in the form of Canals, Tubewells and Wells. The rivers namely Parvati, Kalisindh and Parwan provides an important source of canal irrigation.


Major Rivers :


                            KaliSindh Bridge - Longest Bridge in Rajasthan

Kalisindh This is the important river of 'Hadoti' region. This river makes about 40 Km.
Parvan This is the auxiliary river of the Kalisindh river which enters in the Baran district from the Southern part of the Harnavdashahaji kasba. From there, it maintains the South-Western border of the Chhipabarod, Atru, Baran and Mangrol tehsils and merged into the Kalisindh river.
Parvarti This is the main river of Baran district which is the auxiliary river of Chambal river. This enters in Baran from the Kariyahat kasba of Chhabra Tehsil from Madhya Pradesh. This partitioned the Kishanganj Tehsil from Chhabra, Atru, Baran and Mangrol Tehsils.
Andheri This river enters in Baran from nearby Chhipabarod. About 15 Km. bordering to Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, it merges in the Parvati river near Atru.
Ban-Ganga This is the rainy river which passes through Bamla and Sehrod in the southern part of Baran. It merges into the Parvati river after passing through the east of Baran city and west of Bohat & Mangrol Kasba.


Place of Visit :

Charkhamba Temple at Bilasgarh BhandDevra (Ramgarh) Laxman Mandir & Kund
Gugor Fort, Chhabra Bharka Prapat, Chhabra Nagda Temple, Anta

Shreeji Mandir, Baran

Mahihara Mahadevji Mandir at Baran

Jain Nasiyanji temple at Baran

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